Volleyball Violations: Know the Rules and Avoid Penalties

Volleyball is a popular sport played around the world. In order to play it correctly, it is important to understand the basic rules. However, violations can happen even to experienced players. Whether you\’re a beginner or a pro, it\’s important to know the common violations and how to avoid them. In this article, we will go over the most common volleyball violations and provide tips on how to prevent them.

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Basic rules of volleyball

Volleyball is a dynamic sport that has grown in popularity over time. Whether you\’re a seasoned pro or new to the game, it\’s essential to understand the basic rules to play effectively. The sport is played by two teams of six players each, and the objective is to win points by successfully hitting the ball over the net and into the opponent\’s court, while preventing the opposing team from returning the ball to your side.

Players and teams

Before the start of a game, each team should have six players on the court. Each player has a designated position that corresponds to one of the six areas of the court. The positions are: setter, middle blocker, outside hitter, opposite, libero, and defensive specialist.

The libero is a unique position in volleyball who is responsible solely for passing, digging, and playing defense. They are easily identifiable on the court, as they wear a different color jersey from the rest of the team.

Court and net

The volleyball court is rectangular and measures 18 meters long by 9 meters wide. A net divides the court into two equal halves, and it is set at a height of 2.43 meters for men\’s matches and 2.24 meters for women\’s matches.

The court is marked with different lines to determine the playing area. The boundary lines mark the outer edges of the court, while other lines mark the service area, attack line, and center line.

Service and game play

Each point begins with a serve, which is done by hitting the ball over the net and into the opponent\’s court. The server must be behind the end line, or the back boundary line, and cannot step on or over the line before making contact with the ball.

After the serve, the game continues with the teams taking turns hitting the ball back and forth over the net. Each team has three hits to return the ball to the opponent\’s court, and the ball cannot be hit twice consecutively by the same player. The ball must also not touch the ground, or it results in a point for the other team.

  • The player must hit the ball with their hand, not their arm
  • The ball must not be caught, carried, or thrown
  • The ball must not be hit with an open hand
  • The ball must not be touched more than once consecutively by the same player

The game continues until one team reaches 25 points with a two-point advantage, or in some competitions until a previously agreed score is reached. The team that wins the previous point serves next to start the next point.

Common violations in volleyball

Like any other sport, volleyball has specific rules that players must follow to avoid penalties. Several situations are considered violations in the game, including contact with the net, handling the ball, faults in attacking, service errors, and other violations. In this section, we\’ll outline the most common violations in volleyball and give you tips on how to avoid them.

Contact with the Net

Players must avoid touching the net during the game, as this is a violation that can lead to penalties. Contact with the net occurs when players touch the top tape of the net or come in contact with the net while trying to hit the ball. You can also incur a penalty for touching the net if you prevent the opposing team from playing the ball with your contact.

Handling the Ball

Handling the ball is another violation that can lead to penalties in volleyball. Players must not catch, carry, or hold the ball; instead, they should hit it cleanly and efficiently. Moreover, double-touching the ball constitutes a violation, which can happen when players make two hits in succession without the ball crossing the net or when the ball contacts different body parts unintentionally.

Faults in Attacking

Several faults can occur during the attacking phase, leading to violations in volleyball. Players can\’t spike the ball from a position that\’s not behind the front line or block or attack a served ball forcefully. Additionally, players can\’t touch the ball while it\’s in the opponent\’s court, as this results in an attacking fault.

Service Errors

Players must avoid making service errors to avoid incurring a penalty in volleyball. Service errors occur when the server steps on or over the end line, serves out of order, serves into the net, or serves the ball out of bounds during the serve, among other mistakes.

Other Violations

In addition to the above violations, several other rules apply in volleyball. For instance, players can\’t cross the center line while playing, and team substitutes must follow specific procedures. You also can\’t catch or throw the ball or slide on the floor while playing volleyball.

Training and Drills to Avoid Violations

Practicing skills and techniques is essential to avoid violations in volleyball. Here are some drills that can help enhance your skills and avoid mistakes during the game.

Blocking Drills

  • Footwork drills for blocking
  • Arm movement drills for blocking
  • Positioning drills to avoid touching the net

Footwork for Attacking

  • Footwork drills for spiking
  • Jumping drills for a more precise attack
  • Techniques to avoid attacking faults

Service Practice

  • Practice serving to specific areas of the court
  • Practice serving with different techniques
  • Perfecting your service faults

Cross-Court Hitting Practice

  • Footwork drills for hitting cross-court
  • Practice hitting through blocks
  • Techniques to avoid attacking faults

Training and drills to avoid violations

Volleyball violations can be frustrating, but preventing them is key to success on the court. Regular training and drills can help players avoid the most common infractions and stay within the rules. Here are some exercises to try:

Blocking Drills

  • Footwork is essential to successful blocking. Set up a drill in which players practice moving their feet quickly to get in position when the ball approaches the net.
  • Another drill is to have a teammate toss the ball over the net while the blocker practices jumping and reaching high to block the ball.
  • Work on timing by using a blocker in a one-on-one scenario with an attacker. The blocker needs to wait until the attacker hits the ball before jumping up to block their shot.

Footwork for Attacking

  • To avoid foot faults during attacking, encourage players to practice speed and agility drills to strengthen their ability to jump without overstepping the line or touching the net.
  • Practice different angles of approach and footwork to improve each player\’s versatility on the court.
  • Focus on proper landing technique to avoid injuries and reduce risk of contact with the net.

Service Practice

  • Set up consistent practice drills with multiple serves each round to improve form, accuracy, and power.
  • Practice serving to a specific area of the court and switch it up each round to keep players on their toes.
  • Challenge players to serve with spin to increase difficulty and accuracy.

Cross-Court Hitting Practice

  • Have hitters practice hitting angles and cross-court shots to avoid hitting the ball out of bounds.
  • Use drills to improve timing and coordination with passes from the setter.
  • Practice hitting from various positions on the court to improve versatility and adaptability.

By regularly practicing these drills, players can improve their game and avoid common volleyball violations. Remember, prevention is the key to avoiding penalties and keeping the game fair and enjoyable for all.

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